Category Archives: Terminology of basketball wikipedia

Terminology of basketball wikipedia

Photo: Nathaniel S. He welcomed a daughter with reality star Khloe Kardashian in April NBA guard James Harden has emerged as one of the top players in pro basketball since his trade to the Houston Rockets in Former pro basketball player Kobe Bryant won five NBA titles with the Los Angeles Lakers while establishing himself as one of the game's all-time greats.

He died tragically in a helicopter crash on January 26, Earvin "Magic" Johnson dominated the court as one of the world's best basketball players for more than a decade. Standing 7 feet, 1 inch tall, Shaquille O'Neal was one of the most dominant players in the NBA before his retirement. Wilt Chamberlain was the first NBA player to score more than 30, cumulative points over his career, and the first and only player to score points in a single game.

Native American Jim Thorpe won the pentathlon and decathlon at the Olympics but was stripped of his gold medals for violating amateur eligibility rules. Russell Westbrook of the NBA's Houston Rockets has drawn attention for his explosive scoring performances and creative outfits.

Jasmine Plummer became the first female quarterback to take a Pop Warner youth league to the national championships. Her story was depicted in the film 'The Longshots. Inhe was named one of the NBA's 50 greatest players.

terminology of basketball wikipedia

Dennis Rodman is considered one of professional basketball's all-time great rebounders, leading the Detroit Pistons and later the Chicago Bulls to multiple NBA titles.

Hailed as the greatest winner in sports, Basketball Hall of Fame center Bill Russell led the Boston Celtics to an unprecedented 11 championships in 13 seasons. Basketball Players. People In This Group.Basketball is an original American game invented by Dr.

James Naismith in When designing it, Naismith focused on creating a non-contact sport to be played indoors. He developed the rules and published them in January in The Trianglethe school newspaper of Springfield College.

TERMINOLOGY OF BASKETBALL

The initial rules of basketball laid out by Naismith are familiar enough that those who enjoy basketball today—over years later—will recognize it as the same sport. While there are other, newer rules, these original 13 still form the heart of the game.

The following list shows the original 13 rules of basketball as defined by Naismith in Modern rules are added so you can see how the game has changed over time—and how it's remained the same.

terminology of basketball wikipedia

More: The History of Basketball and Dr. James Naismith. Share Flipboard Email. Mary Bellis. Inventions Expert. Mary Bellis covered inventions and inventors for ThoughtCo for 18 years.

She is known for her independent films and documentaries, including one about Alexander Graham Bell. Cite this Article Format. Bellis, Mary. The Original 13 Rules of Basketball.Basketballgame played between two teams of five players each on a rectangular court, usually indoors.

terminology of basketball wikipedia

Basketball is a game played between two teams of five players each on a rectangular court, usually indoors. Basketball is the only major sport strictly of U. Basketball is a dynamic sport that builds stamina from the short sprints required of running up and down the length of the court. Movements distinct to basketball, such as jumping to take a shot or to grab a rebound, require frequent muscle contractionswhich can build muscular endurance. Additional weight training is recommended for basketball players in order to improve their performance on the court.

Basketball has caught on particularly well in Italyand Spain has several basketball leagues. The other major centre of European basketball is eastern Europe, particularly in the Balkans. Basketball grew steadily but slowly in popularity and importance in the United States and internationally in the first three decades after World War II —45 as a result of television exposure. The only major sport strictly of U. For that first game of basketball inNaismith used as goals two half-bushel peach baskets, which gave the sport its name.

terminology of basketball wikipedia

The students were enthusiastic. After much running and shootingWilliam R. Chase made a midcourt shot—the only score in that historic contest. While basketball is competitively a winter sport, it is played on a month basis—on summer playgrounds, in municipal, industrial, and church halls, in school yards and family driveways, and in summer camps—often on an informal basis between two or more contestants. Many grammar schools, youth groups, municipal recreation centres, churches, and other organizations conduct basketball programs for youngsters of less than high school age.

In the early years the number of players on a team varied according to the number in the class and the size of the playing area. In teams began to play with five on a side when the playing area was less than 1, square feet In the number was occasionally set at five by mutual consent; the rules stipulated five players two years later, and this number has remained ever since.

Since Naismith and five of his original players were Canadians, it is not surprising that Canada was the first country outside the United States to play the game. Basketball was introduced in France inin England inin AustraliaChinaand India soon thereafter, and in Japan in While basketball helped swell the membership of YMCAs because of the availability of their gymswithin five years the game was outlawed by various associations because gyms that had been occupied by classes of 50 or 60 members were now monopolized by only 10 to 18 players.

The banishment of the game induced many members to terminate their YMCA membership and to hire halls to play the game, thus paving the way to the professionalization of the sport.

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The courts often were of irregular shape with occasional obstructions such as pillars, stairways, or offices that interfered with play. In it was ruled that all boundary lines must be straight. In the Narragansett Machinery Co. Originally a ladder, then a pole, and finally a chain fastened to the bottom of the net was used to retrieve a ball after a goal had been scored.

Nets open at the bottom were adopted in — In —96 the points for making a basket goal, or field goal were reduced from three to two, and the points for making a free throw shot uncontested from a line in front of the basket after a foul had been committed were reduced from three to one.

Baskets were frequently attached to balconies, making it easy for spectators behind a basket to lean over the railings and deflect the ball to favour one side and hinder the other; in teams were urged to provide a 4-byfoot 1. Soon after, wooden backboards proved more suitable. Glass backboards were legalized by the professionals in —09 and by colleges in — In —21 the backboards were moved 2 feet 0. Fan-shaped backboards were made legal in — A soccer ball football was used for the first two years.

In the first basketball was marketed. It was laced, measured close to 32 inches 81 cmor about 4 inches 10 cm larger than the soccer ball, in circumference, and weighed less than 20 ounces grams.

By —49, when the laceless molded ball was made official, the size had been set at 30 inches 76 cm. Bemis heard about the new sport at Springfield and tried it out with his students at Geneva in The following is a list of phrases from sports that have become idioms slang or otherwise in English.

They have evolved usages and meanings independent of sports and are often used by those with little knowledge of these games. The sport from which each phrase originates has been included immediately after the phrase. In some cases, the specific sport may not be known; these entries may be followed by the generic term sportsor a slightly more specific term, such as team sports referring to such games as baseball, football, hockey, etc.

This list does not include idioms derived exclusively from baseball. The body of idioms derived from that sport is so extensive that two other articles are exclusively dedicated to them. See English language idioms derived from baseball and baseball metaphors for sex.

List of sports idioms

The occurrence is of note for philologists, linguists. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. Ammer, Christine The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms. Houghton Mifflin Company. Simpson, John, ed. The Oxford English Dictionary Online. Oxford University Press.

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Retrieved Archived from the original on New York Times. Retrieved 2 November An Fear Rua. The Mirror. The Guardian.It opened in as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, the first public institution of higher education in that state. It provides more commissioned officers to the United States Armed Forces than any other school outside the service academies. Some phrases come from traditions that include Aggie Bonfire and the athletics program.

Other phrases are locations and landmarks around the campus. While most of these terms are used exclusively by Aggies, some are used by the university's rivals. Some terms exclusively used by the Corps of Cadets are not included to narrow the list size. Short for senior Zip privileges.

These can be given to underclassmen by seniors and allow the underclassmen to do the senior wildcat and whoop. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Archived from the original on 21 February Retrieved 20 February Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 26 May Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 25 December The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on 14 October Retrieved 3 January December Retrieved 13 September Retrieved 1 January Archived from the original on 10 April The Daily Nebraskan.

University of Nebraska. Archived from the original on 24 October San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on 16 December Retrieved 2 February The Battalion. Archived from the original on 7 September Retrieved 7 December Retrieved 9 January College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on 8 June Question, Comment, Feedback, or Correction? Are you a Stathead, too? Subscribe to our Free Newsletter.

This Month in Sports Reference Find out when we add a feature or make a change. Do you have a sports website? Or write about sports? We have tools and resources that can help you use sports data. Find out more. We present them here for purely educational purposes.

Our reasoning for presenting offensive logos. Logos were compiled by the amazing SportsLogos. All rights reserved. About Basketball Reference. Assist percentage is an estimate of the percentage of teammate field goals a player assisted while he was on the floor. Block percentage is an estimate of the percentage of opponent two-point field goal attempts blocked by the player while he was on the floor.

Defensive rebound percentage is an estimate of the percentage of available defensive rebounds a player grabbed while he was on the floor. DRtg - Defensive Rating available since the season in the NBA ; for players and teams it is points allowed per posessions.

This rating was developed by Dean Oliver, author of Basketball on Paper. This statistic adjusts for the fact that a 3-point field goal is worth one more point than a 2-point field goal. For example, suppose Player A goes 4 for 10 with 2 threes, while Player B goes 5 for 10 with 0 threes. Game Score was created by John Hollinger to give a rough measure of a player's productivity for a single game. The scale is similar to that of points scored, 40 is an outstanding performance, 10 is an average performance, etc.

ORtg - Offensive Rating available since the season in the NBA ; for players it is points produced per posessions, while for teams it is points scored per possessions.

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Offensive rebound percentage is an estimate of the percentage of available offensive rebounds a player grabbed while he was on the floor. Pace factor is an estimate of the number of possessions per 48 minutes by a team.

Note: 40 minutes is used in the calculation for the WNBA. In John's words, "The PER sums up all a player's positive accomplishments, subtracts the negative accomplishments, and returns a per-minute rating of a player's performance. Per 36 Minutes - A statistic e. Per Game - A statistic e.

This formula estimates possessions based on both the team's statistics and their opponent's statistics, then averages them to provide a more stable estimate.

SRS - Simple Rating System; a rating that takes into account average point differential and strength of schedule.

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Steal Percentage is an estimate of the percentage of opponent possessions that end with a steal by the player while he was on the floor. Stops - Stops; Dean Oliver's measure of individual defensive stops. Turnover percentage is an estimate of turnovers per plays.Like any other sport, basketball has its own set of terms and nomenclature that a layman would not understand.

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Reading this article will give a good insight. There are many terms and meanings used in every sport that any player or follower of the game must be aware of. They are also helpful for a child who is beginning to develop an interest in the game, and wishes to learn all the basic words and definitions of the sport. Basketball is watched by many people, and the National Basketball Association NBA has millions of viewers and fans all across the world.

While watching a game one comes across many terms, and it helps to know what all these terms mean. Here is a list of basic words and definitions for you that will help you learn more about this fascinating sport. This is not a complete list of all technical words, but it should help you develop a basic understanding of what the commentators are saying.

The shot clock does not get reset once this shot is played, unlike a normal shot. If the ball reaches the frontcourt and is then taken to the backcourt it is a violation. Also, if the ball is not taken out of the backcourt within 8 seconds, it is considered a violation in the NBA. It is situated right under the basket so that he can collect rebounds.

DUNK : A trademark basketball move where the player jumps high enough to reach above the basket, and then slams the ball into the basket with either one hand, or both hands. The forwards primary task is to score as much as possible. A free throw is the direct result of a foul while the other player is shooting. Depending on the location of the shooter, he will either get 2 free throws, or 3 free throws. FOUL : The act of gaining an advantage through extremely physical means, or the act of committing one of many violations.

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LAYUP : A shot that is taken while the player is running, in order to get as close to the basket as possible. The rebound can be collected by the attacking team or the defending team. A screen must remain stationary, and if the screen moves it is a violation.

If the team is unable to do so within 24 seconds, the shot clock is said to run out. These should give you a basic understanding of the game, and should help you follow what is going on during a game. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly.

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It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Skip to primary navigation Skip to main content Skip to primary sidebar Skip to footer A Complete List of Basketball Terms and Their Meanings Like any other sport, basketball has its own set of terms and nomenclature that a layman would not understand.